Darfur is a small area located in the west of Sudan about the size of Texas. It is a relatively small area, with much of its population distributed into tribes. Conflict had always existed in the tribes, even before the huge genocide that further increased these tensions. In 1989, a man named General Omar Bashir seized control of Sudan with his military power. In further struggles for political control, weapons began entering Darfur at an alarming rate. The conflicts between the tribes began increasing, even further than before. How it Began The civilians began to feel neglected by the government. They were angry that the government was not enforcing protective measures to keep civilians from being attacked by nomads. In 2003, Two Darfurian rebel groups (the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA) and the Justice and Equality Movement) decided to rebel against their Khartoum government. . The government realized this and began to enlist a militia called 'Janjaweed', or "devils on horseback". The government and Janjaweed have used displacement, rape, starvation, threats, and mass murder on innocent Darfur civilians in an attempt to keep rebellions under control. Modern Genocide Over 2,500,000 Darfurians have been displaced and are living in refugee camps, and 4.7 million rely on humanitarian aid. 400,000 people have been killed as a result of the genocide, and hundreds continue to die each day. The Sudanese government is not currently controlling the killings by the Janjaweed, and is not actively involved in reducing any conflict between tribes. The international society negotiated a peace deal with Sudan in 2006, but the plan backfired. Violence and conflict in Darfur has gone up since this deal was signed.